The third-largest island in the Mediterrane. Cyprus lies off the southern coast of Turkey and the western shore of Syria. The highest peak is Mount Olympus. Cyprus was the site of early Phoenician and Greek colonies. For centuries its rule passed through many hands.Major trading partners: UK, Greece, Germany, UAE, UK, France, Japan, Israel, China. Population is 784,301.Capital and large city Lefkosia. Languages is Greek, Turkish (both official); English.