Recent years has seen tremendous industrial and economical development in Pakistan which reflected in the international move of the employees of MNC's and and a growth in the number of moving companies. Pakistan is largely desert or semi-desert in the centre, south and west, while the high mountain ranges and their foothills to the north are part of the great Himalayan chain. But for the Indus River and its tributaries from the Punjab, all of which are fed by the snows from the Himalayas, Pakistan would be as arid as the deserts of central Australia. The Indus River system is the water source for the large irrigated areas of the Punjab and Sindh. The Indus meets the sea just east of Karachi.
Commercial links between Australia and Pakistan include BHP Billiton's US$40 million investment in Pakistan's Zamzama gas field. Situated in Sindh Province approximately 300 kilometres north of Karachi, Zamzama is considered Pakistan's fourth-largest gas field. People-to-people links between Australia and Pakistan are expanding, with regular sporting fixtures and a growing Pakistani community in Australia which now exceeds 10,000. There are increasing numbers of Pakistani students studying in Australia
India and Pakistan successfully conclude three days of talks in February in Islamabad, agreeing on a roadmap setting out a timetable for future discussions. The Indian External Affairs Minister and the Pakistani Minister for Foreign Affairs met in New Delhi in September, agreeing to a range of confidence-building measures (CBMs). Foreign secretary level meetings were held in December 2004 to discuss overall progress in the Composite Dialogue, including terrorism, drug trafficking, economic and commercial cooperation, and Jammu and Kashmir.